Monsoon season plays the role of a perfect catalyst for every living organism irrelevant of their types. The weather condition around this time is perfect for every life form to multiply especially when it comes to Micro organism.These micro organisms reside in water holes and other areas wherever there is an abundance of food for them.But when it’s about breeding or spreading up their species, they develop parasitic tendencies and gradually transform themselves into life forms we all know as parasites.
Parasites: These are organisms which are always in search of a host(a living creature).They usually don’t kill their hosts but live in or on their hosts for extended periods which can last for days, weeks, months or even years. They are highly adaptive and specialized creatures, They reproduce at much higher rates than their hosts. By doing so they eventually reduce the biological fitness of their hosts. Parasites utilize various Methods to infect their hosts. They can transmit themselves through Water, Food or even air.
Since it is monsoon time, every empty object left exposed turns into a water reservoir by itself.It’s Damn frightening that You never know what’s wriggling there.
Here is a list of some deadly water borne parasites you need to be absolutely aware of.
1.Roundworms: Most of these bugs infect your intestines. But the one that causes trichinosis also affects your muscles.Common roundworm diseases and their symptoms include: Ascariasis — belly pain
Hookworm — blood loss
Pinworm — anal itching
Trichinosis — pain, fever, face swelling, pink eye, rash
Whipworm — mucus, water and, blood in stool, rectal prolapse
2.Giardia: If you have ever been camping and you came down with diarrhea, gas, stomach cramps, bloating, and nausea, you have likely caught this bug. You get it through food or drinking water, or from contact with the feces of an infected person or animal. The illness can be treated with prescription drugs.
3.T. Cruzi: This parasite causes Chagas disease, which can be life-threatening. People get infected from contact with the bug’s feces. Symptoms show up quickly as fever, fatigue, aches, headache, rash, loss of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, and swollen eyelids. Later, it can lead to heart and intestine problems. Doctors treat the disease and kill the parasite with medication.
4.Cryptosporidium: This bug’s also called “crypto,” and it affects your intestines. Its spread by contact with the stool of an infected person or animal. People tend to catch it from pool water, especially kids. The diarrhea it causes can last a long time, but it usually goes away on its own without treatment.
5.P. Falciparum: Some mosquitoes carry this parasite, which causes Malaria. The disease kills more people than any other of its kind. It feels like the flu, and it causes body chills, fever, and sometimes nausea or vomiting. A doctor has to look at someone’s blood under a microscope to tell if they have it. Early treatment is best. Certain prescription drugs can cure most types.
6.D. Fragilis: Doctors aren’t sure how you get this parasite, which infects your large intestine. Some people have stomach pain and diarrhea, but others have no symptoms. It’s common in all parts of the world. Your doctor can prescribe medicine to help you get rid of it.
7.Toxoplasma: This bug makes its home in meat, water, and infected cat feces. It causes an illness called toxoplasmosis, which can feel like the flu. Pregnant women and people with weak immune systems can have serious symptoms, like cysts in the muscles, brain, and eyes. Usually, it isnt treated, but a doctor can prescribe medication for a severe infection.
8.Guinea Worm: This roundworm’s days of spreading disease are nearly done, thanks to health groups that teach people how to avoid getting infected.People catch the bug by drinking water from ponds infected with larvae. The worms mate and grow in the stomach, then burst out through a blister on the skin. Symptoms can include fever, swelling, and pain near the blister, but it usually takes a year after infection for warning signs to show up. Sadly There is no treatment.
9.Brain-Eating Amoeba: People in the U.S. donâ€™t have to worry as much about this parasite as people in Southeast Asia do. The bug, also known as. fowleri,it lives in warm freshwater, and it enters the body through the nose. It causes a condition that destroys brain tissue called primary amebic meningoencephalitis. Symptoms include headache, fever, vomiting, confusion, stiff neck, seizures, and loss of balance. Only experimental treatments are available now, so the survival rate is low.
10.Pork Tapeworms: You cant get these bugs from eating pork unless its raw or undercooked. Both people and pigs carry them, but they are spread when you swallow the eggs from tainted food and water. You can also get them if you come in contact with the feces of someone who has them. They infect the intestines and brain, which can lead to a disease that causes headaches and seizures, called cysticercosis. Some people get better without treatment. Others need medication or surgery.
So be careful, what you consume.