Fitness and health enhancements are the latest buzz words getting haywired in the minds of the mankind at this very moment. The millennials are worried so are the previous generations about the repercussions of what they have been intaking.Set aside smoking or dramming up alcohol, the food we consume quite often are being adulterated with cheap chemicals and god knows what else.The effects of which are not noticeable immediately but pose grave depredations in the later phases of the human life cycle.
For quite a long time, animal fat was used as a primary ingredient for cooking. Scientists, later on, discovered that animal fat was quite an unhealthy cooking medium and resulted in accumulating cholesterol and exposure to heart ailments.It was In the later Decades when edible oil from plants came into the scene.Now the majority of cooked food around the globe are prepa red in oils extracted from various plants species.
The article tries to present an overview of some of the highly used edible oils and their benefits
Some of the serious adulterants of edible oils are:
- Cold press oil adulteration
- Adulteration of admixing oil and fats
Edible oils can be segmented into three large groups:
- Saturated oil: These oils are solid at room temperature this includes margarine, and a few other commonly consumed oils. These oils are considered Unhealthy as compared to others because it is believed that these oil acts as a catalyst for heart diseases)
- Monounsaturated oil: These oils are liquid at room temperature but begin to solidify in the refrigerator. These include olive oil and peanut oil.
- Polyunsaturated oil: Oils remain liquid when at room temperature or when chilled. These include canola, sunflower, and walnut oils (among others).
Some Edible oils that are really salubrious or healthy for consumption:
- Coconut oil: Rich in natural saturated fats. oiling your food with Saturated fats increase the healthy cholesterol (known as HDL cholesterol) in your body,
- Corn oil: it is composed mainly of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs ) and low in saturated fat.
- Cottonseed oil: Cottonseed oil is known to help to treat high cholesterol and blood pressure, arthritis, gout, a weak immune system, dementia, Alzheimer’s, certain cancers, inflammatory conditions, wounds, cuts, scrapes, and skin conditions.
- Extra Virgin Olive Oil/Olive oil– reduces the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers.
- Palm oil: One tablespoon of processed palm oil contains 120 calories and 13.6 grams of fat, of which approximately 50 percent are saturated, 40 percent are monounsaturated and 10 percent are polyunsaturated.
- Peanut oil: Refined peanut oil is allergen-free
- Safflower oil: oiling food by this can lower cholesterol levels, manage blood sugar, aid in weight loss, aid in hair care, boost skin quality, reduce the symptoms of PMS, control muscle contractions, and improve the immune system.
- Sesame oil: Sesame oil is high in vitamin K, which is great for blood coagulation and bone strength.
- Soybean oil: Rich in poly-unsaturated fats, omega-6 proteins, and amino acid Linoleic acid. It is low in saturated fats and is advocated as a great cooking medium by several doctors.
- Sunflower oil: It’s high in polyunsaturated fats, oiling food sunflower oil have been shown to lower cholesterol.
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